SJPU


SJPU or the Special Juvenile Police Unit is a unit of the police at the district level for handling matters concerning juveniles and also children in need of care and protection.
As per JJ Act, Special Juvenile Police Units (SJPU) is to be set up in every districts and city to co- ordinate and upgrade the police interface with children. All the police officer, designated as child welfare officers (now known as Child Welfare Police officers) in the district/city are members of SJPU.


Structure and functions of SJPU Definition “Special Juvenile police unit” means a unit of the police force of a district or city or, as the case may be, any other police unit like railway police, dealing with children and designated as such for handling children under section 107 (Section 2 (55), JJ Act, 2015).


Overall Functions of the SJPU (Section 10, JJ Act, 2015; Rule 86, JJ Model Rules, 2016):

  • To coordinate all functions of police related to children.
  • As soon as a CCL is apprehended the CWPO/SJPU shall produce the child before the Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) within 24 hours and inform the parents.
  • The SJPU will work in close co-ordination with the District Child Protection Unit (DCPU), the JJB and the CWC in the matters concerning the welfare of children within its jurisdiction.
  • The SJPU may coordinate with the District Legal Services Authority to provide legal aid to children.

 

The SJPUs are headed by the SP/DCP with Dy.SP/ACP as Nodal Officer and consists of:

  • A Designated Inspector Rank Police Officer
  • Two Social Workers, of whom at least one should be a woman
  • The designated Juvenile Welfare Officers of the District
  • NGOs invited and recognized by the police for providing assistance in cases involving children

 

Mandatory information in every police station and SJPU A complete and updated list containing the following details should be readily available with all CWPOs/SHOs and Duty Officers and at a specified place in all police stations and SJPUs and should also be available:

  • All Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBs), their place, hours and days of sitting and their respective jurisdiction;
  • All Children’s Courts, their place and days of sitting and their respective jurisdiction;
  • Names, addresses and phone numbers of all members of the JJBs;
  • Names, addresses and phone numbers of the Chief Probation Officer (CPO) and all Probation Officers (POs);
  • Names, addresses and phone numbers of Judicial Officers having charge of the State/District Legal Services Authority;
  • All Observation Homes, their addresses, name and contact number of the person in charge the institution
  • All Places of Safety, their addresses, name and contact number of the person in charge the of institute;
  • Special homes – Address, phone number, name and contact number of the person in charge.
  • Child protection officer – name, address and contact no. , D. C. P. U’s officer’s name, address and contact number