(1) The State Government shall by notification in the Official Gazette constitute for every district, one or more Child Welfare Committees for exercising the powers and to discharge the duties conferred on such Committees in relation to children in need of care and protection under this Act and ensure that induction training and sensitization of all members of the committee is provided within two months from the date of notification.Section 27 of J.J, Act, 2015Section 2(22) “Committee” means a Child Welfare constituted under section 27
(2) The Committee shall consist of a Chairperson and four other members as the State Government may think fit to appoint, of whom atleast one shall be a woman and another, an expert on the matters concerning children.
(3) The District Child Protection Unit shall provide a Secretary and other staff that may be required for secretarial support to the Committee for its effective functioning.

Role of CWC as per J.J. Act, 2015

  1. Identification of Fit Facility,
  2. Identification of Fit Person,
  3. Placement of Child in Foster Care,
  4. Identification of Guardian,
  5. Receiving and declaring a child as Surrendered,
  6. Receiving Children Transferred from the Board,
  7. Send a written complaint to the Board regarding offences committed against a Child in Need of Care and Protection,
  8. Functions of Child Welfare Committee under Section 30 of J.J. Act, 2015:


(i) Taking cognizance of and receiving the children produced before it;
(ii) Conducting inquiry on all issues relating to and affecting the safety and wellbeing of the children under this Act;
(iii) Directing the Child Welfare Officers or probation officers or District Child Protection Unit or non-governmental organizations to conduct social investigation and submit a report before the Committee;
(iv) Conducting inquiry for declaring fit persons for care of children in need of care and protection;
(v) Directing placement of a child in foster care;
(vi) Ensuring care, protection, appropriate rehabilitation or restoration of children in need of care and protection, based on the child’s individual care plan and passing necessary directions to parents or guardians or fit persons or children’s homes or fit facility in this regard;
(vii) Selecting registered institution for placement of each child requiring institutional support, based on the child’s age, gender, disability and needs and keeping in mind the available capacity of the institution;
(viii) Conducting at least two inspection visits per month of residential facilities for children in need of care and protection and recommending action for improvement in quality of services to the District Child Protection Unit and the State Government;
(ix) Certifying the execution of the surrender deed by the parents and ensuring that they are given time to reconsider their decision as well as making all efforts to keep the family together;
(x) Ensuring that all efforts are made for restoration of abandoned or lost children to their families following due process, as may be prescribed;
(xi) Declaration of orphan, abandoned and surrendered child as legally free for adoption after due inquiry;
(xii) Taking suo motu cognizance of cases and reaching out to children in need of care and protection, who are not produced before the Committee, provided that such decision is taken by at least three members;
(xiii) Taking action for rehabilitation of sexually abused children who are reported as children in need of care and protection to the Committee by Special Juvenile Police Unit or local police, as the case may be, under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012;
(xiv) Dealing with cases referred by the Board under sub-section (2) of section 17;
(xv) Co-ordinate with the police, labour department and other agencies involved in the care and protection of children with support of the District Child Protection
Unit or the State Government;
(xvi) In case of a complaint of abuse of a child in any child care institution, the Committee shall conduct an inquiry and give directions to the police or the District Child Protection Unit or labour department or childline services, as the case may be;
(xvii) Accessing appropriate legal services for children;
(xviii) Such other functions and responsibilities, as may be prescribed.

  1. Conducting of Inquiries,
  2. Submit a quarterly Report to DM in prescribed format,
  3. Other Orders that may be passed,
  4. Declaring a child free for Adoption,
  5. Restoration of a child,
  6. Determining criteria for Foster Care,
  7. Inspection of Foster Families,
  8. Removing Recognition of Fit Person / Fit Institutions,
  9. Providing for Disclosure of Child’s Details in Press,
  10. Dealing with Cases, of Children where Parents have abated the begging,
  11. In case, where any corporal punishment is reported in an institution,
  12. Presumption of Determination of Age,
  13. Determining the age of Child,
  14. Transfer of Child,
  15. Granting Leave to a Child,
  16. Amend its own orders.