Child Labour


Child labour is any work performed by children that is dangerous or harmful to them and affects their physical and mental development. This form of work deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and interferes with a child’s ability to attend and participate in school fully by obligating them to leave school prematurely.


            The law on child labour in India provides for punishments for illegal labour of children but does not completely disallow the employment of children. Certain forms of work done by children like running a family business or performing as a child artist, etc. are allowed under certain conditions.

  • As per the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 “child” means a person who has not completed is 14th year of age.
  • The Act prohibits employment of children in 13 occupations and 57 processes contained in Part A & B of the Schedule to the Act (Section 3).
  • Under the Act, a Technical Advisory Committee is constituted to advice for inclusion of further occupations & processes in the Schedule.
  • The Act regulates the condition of employment's in all occupations and processes not prohibited under the Act (Part III).
  • Any person who employs any child in contravention of the provisions of section 3 of the Act is liable for punishment with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to one year or with fine which shall not be less than Rs 10,000 but which may extend to Rs 20,000 or both. ((Section 14).
  • The Central and the State Governments enforce the provisions of the Act in their respective spheres.

 

Role of RSCPCR:-

  • To review the situation of Child Labour in state of Rajasthan.
  • To develop a perspective on status of Child Labour and a policy framework for abolition of Child Labour.
  • To review the existing legal framework on elimination of Child Labour in State in the light of developments since the passing of the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986.
  • To address the issues of child labour and trafficking of children for labour.
  • To evolve a legal framework in collaboration with Government for abolition of Child Labour in State and protecting their right to education.

 

Initiative of RSCPCR:-

  • Held several meetings with experts and government depts. on this issue to understand the situation of Child Labour and action taken by the Government.
  • Developed comprehensive Standard Operating Procedure to eliminate the Child Labour from state of Rajasthan.
  • Drafted detailed guidelines for Police to address Child Trafficking.
  • Reviewed the functioning of CWC’s, Labour and Police on this issue.
  • Visited several districts to review the situation of Child Labour.
  • Participated in several rescue operation of Child Labour.

 

Ensuring the proper rehabilitation of children rescued from labour sites.